Based on the functionality, vehicle tracking systems are categorized as active and passive systems. A passive system doesn’t provide the real-time information, but rather stores data like GPS location, speed and heading on the tracking unit. This data is fetched for evaluation once the vehicle returns to a preset location.<< Vehicle Tracking Systems In Nigeria Passive vehicle tracking is generally used to verify driver activity such as route verification, billing, etc. An active tracking system is used to track more than one vehicle through the internet in real-time. It also provides the same data, but transmit it in real-time through satellite or cellular networks to a computer or data center. Some tracking systems have both active and passive tracking facilities. A person should analyze his/her needs before deciding on a passive or active tracking.
The vehicles are tracked commonly by commercial fleet operators to manage a fleet of vehicles and meet customer needs more efficiently. Fleet management functions such as dispatching, routing and security are accomplished by tracking vehicles. Urban transit agencies use this system for monitoring schedule of buses and for activating recorded announcements. The behavior of the driver can also be monitored by this system.
Vehicle tracking is also used as a theft prevention and stolen vehicle recovery. It can serve as an addition or alternative for traditional car alarm. Through a tracking device, vehicles can also be tracked for monitoring the fuel and to calculate the distance traveled by the vehicle.